Brief Walking Test and Cognitive Function among Congestive Heart Failure Patients: Effect Modification by Duration of Congestive Heart Failure

Paul D. Loprinzi


Congestive Heart Failure; Epidemiology; Walking Test

Full Text:



Papathanasiou JV, Ilieva E, Marinov B. Six-minute walk test: an effective and necessary tool in modern cardiac rehabilitation. Hellenic J Cardiol. 2013;54:126-130.

Arslan S, Erol MK, Gundogdu F, Sevimli S, Aksakal E, Senocak H, et al. Prognostic value of 6-minute walk test in stable outpatients with heart failure. Tex Heart Inst J. 2007;34:166-169.

Baldasseroni S, Mossello E, Romboli B, Orso F, Colombi C, Fumagalli S, et al. Relationship between cognitive function and 6-minute walking test in older outpatients with chronic heart failure. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2010;22:308-313.

Pressler SJ, Subramanian U, Kareken D, Perkins SM, Gradus-Pizlo I, Sauve MJ, et al. Cognitive deficits in chronic heart failure. Nurs Res. 2010;59:127-139.

Alosco ML, Spitznagel MB, Gunstad J. Obesity as a risk factor for poor neurocognitive outcomes in older adults with heart failure. Heart Fail Rev. 2014;19:403-411.

Hoth KF. Heart Failure and Cognitive Function. In: Cohen RA, Gunstad J, editors. Neuropsychology and Cardiovascular Disease. Oxford (NY): Oxford university press; 2010.

Jesus PA, Vieira-de-Melo RM, Reis FJ, Viana LC, Lacerda A, Dias JS, et al. Cognitive dysfunction in congestive heart failure: transcranial Doppler evidence of microembolic etiology. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2006;64:207-210.

Alosco ML, Brickman AM, Spitznagel MB, Garcia SL, Narkhede A, Griffith EY, et al. Cerebral perfusion is associated with white matter hyperintensities in older adults with heart failure. Congest Heart Fail. 2013;19:E29-34.

Loprinzi PD, Herod SM, Cardinal BJ, Noakes TD. Physical activity and the brain: a review of this dynamic, bi-directional relationship. Brain Res. 2013;1539:95-104.

Wechsler D. Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. New York: The Psychological Corporation; 1981.

Vilkki J, Holst P. Mental programming after frontal lobe lesions: results on digit symbol performance with self-selected goals. Cortex. 1991;27:203-211.

Parkin AJ, Java RI. Deterioration of frontal lobe function in normal aging: influences of fluid intelligence versus perceptual speed. Neuropsychology. 1999;13:539-545.

Lee H, Cardinal BJ, Loprinzi PD. Effects of socioeconomic status and acculturation on accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among Mexican American adolescents: findings from NHANES 2003-2004. J Phys Act Health. 2012;9:1155-1162.

Loprinzi PD. Frequency of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is a greater predictor of systemic inflammation than total weekly volume of MVPA: Implications for physical activity promotion. Physiol Behav. 2015;141:46-50.

Loprinzi PD, Walker JF. Combined association of physical activity and diet with C-reactive protein among smokers. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2015;14:51.

Loprinzi P, Cardinal B, Crespo C, Brodowicz G, Andersen R, Sullivan E, et al. Objectively measured physical activity and C-reactive protein: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013;23:164-170.

Loprinzi PD. Dose-response association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with cardiovascular biomarkers and all-cause mortality: Considerations by individual sports, exercise and recreational physical activities. Prev Med. 2015;81:73-77.

Pepera GK, Sandercock GR, Sloan R, Cleland JJ, Ingle L, Clark AL. Influence of step length on 6-minute walk test performance in patients with chronic heart failure. Physiotherapy. 2012;98:325-329.

Davies SW, Greig CA, Jordan SL, Grieve DW, Lipkin DP. Short-stepping gait in severe heart failure. Br Heart J. 1992;68:469-472.

Marsh AP, Miller ME, Saikin AM, Rejeski WJ, Hu N, Lauretani F, et al. Lower extremity strength and power are associated with 400-meter walk time in older adults: The InCHIANTI study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006;61:1186-1193.

Barak Y, Wagenaar RC, Holt KG. Gait characteristics of elderly people with a history of falls: a dynamic approach. Phys Ther. 2006;86:1501-1510.

Loprinzi PD, Brosky JA, Jr. Objectively measured physical activity and balance among U.S. adults. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28:2290-2296.

Shewan LG, Coats AJS, Henein M. Requirements for ethical publishing in biomedical journals. International Cardiovascular Forum Journal 2015;2:2 DOI: 10.17987/icfj.v2i1.4


Copyright (c) 2016 Paul D. Loprinzi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.