A Novel Hypothetical Method to increase the Dimensions of the Coronary Arteries when Required

Mark Christopher Arokiaraj

Abstract


Background: The purpose was to develop a novel hypothetical method to increase the size of coronary arteries.

Methods: During long-term observation an increase in coronary size has been seen in three unexpected scenarios. Changes in coronary artery sizes were observed in patients with mitral stenosis (n=69) by angiogram prior to percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty or valve replacement surgery for severe mitral stenosis. The coronaries of patients with patent ductus arteriosus who underwent surgical closure in the past (n=14) were examined by echocardiogram. Patients with renal failure on long-term dialysis through peripheral arterio-venous fistula without left ventricular hypertrophy (n=17) were studied by echocardiography. Normal age, weight and sex matched coronary sizes served as controls in the study. All these observations were made over a period of 12 years.

Results: The sizes of coronaries in patients with mitral stenosis, patients who underwent closure for patent ductus arteriosus, and in patients on hemodialysis through arteriovenous fistulas were higher than normal controls (p<0.05, for all). A hypothetical model to increase the coronary sizes could be developed based on the analysis of the differential equations of Poiseuille’s. A method is proposed of creating a peripheral arterio-venous fistula, which could be closed later electively by a percutaneous method/surgery. The closure time needs to be determined by experimental studies. The other methods could be a continuous exercise program or by the use of beta-blockers.

Conclusion: A novel hypothetical method of peripheral arteriovenous fistula formation is decsribed which could potentially increase the size of the coronaries, which could be closed later.


Keywords


Coronary dimensions, Poiseuille’s Equation, Arteriovenous fistula, Coronary dilatation, Wall shear stress, Coronary blood flow, Atherosclerosis, Angiogenesis

Full Text:

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Publishing. International Cardiovascular Forum Journal 2018;13:3-4, DOI:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17987/icfj.v19i0.671

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